A change in diet is very important when it comes to arthritis

Gout sufferers often ask themselves: What can I eat to reduce uric acid in my body? A diet low in purines may be the solution. Here's what purines are and which foods have the least.

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In the clip: These foods help gout

What is arthritis and how does it occur?

Arthritis is one Metabolic disorderThat through one Increased level of uric acid in the blood, also known as hyperuricemia. In most cases, arthritis has a genetic cause (primary form); Very rarely, it occurs as a result of other diseases (secondary form). If hyperuricemia persists over a long period of time, uric acid crystals from mono-sodium urate accumulate above a certain threshold in the blood, tissues, joints, and kidneys. Lead to deposits in the joints Rheumatic complaintsincluding swelling, inflammation and severe pain.

What foods trigger gout?

Arthritis is a common cause Improper diet and excessive alcohol consumption. Therefore, it is recommended to combine alcohol and food together High purine content to avoid Especially meat, sausage, fish and fish are considered unfavorable when the level of uric acid increases. Legumes, fruit juices and soft drinks can also increase uric acid levels.

Diet plays an important role in gout and affects the level of uric acid in the blood. One Dietary change It is the best treatment for both prevention and treatment of gout. That is the goal Permanent reduction The level of uric acid in the body is less than six milligrams per deciliter. Therefore, sufferers should focus on foods low in purines, avoid fructose, and aim for a normal weight.

What are Purines?

are purines Organic compounds, which occurs in the cells of all living organisms and plays an important role in metabolism. They are Components of nucleic acids such as DNA and RNA, the genetic building blocks of cells. Purines are also found in the molecule ATP (adenosine triphosphate). Energy supplier for cellular processes Helps, available.

In the human body, purines are produced by both Degeneration of the body's own cells as well as by Consuming foods rich in purines. Certain foods, especially animal products such as meat, organ meats, and fish, contain high levels of purines. It is created when purines are broken down in the body Uric acid. High levels of uric acid in the blood can lead to problems like gout because uric acid crystals can form in the joints and tissues.

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Which foods are high in purines?

Here are some examples of foods high in purines:

  • Trout, skinned herring
  • Sardines
  • Sprats, smoked
  • shellfish
  • Offal (liver, kidneys, sweetbreads)
  • Chicken skin
  • Meat broth, broth
  • Products such as yeast and yeast extract made from it, instant bouillon cubes
  • Soy meat
  • Wheat germ

Which foods are low in purines?

A recommended nutritional option for gout is one ovo-lacto-vegetarian diet. This includes Dairy products, eggs and lots of vegetables (Except for purine-rich varieties like cauliflower, green beans, broccoli, spinach, and asparagus). Milk, yogurt and quark Purine content is low and large amounts can be safely consumed without increasing uric acid levels. The same applies Eggs and hard cheese.

Further Plant foods rich in protein Cereal products or flakes are more suitable for nutrition. Potatoes, egg noodles, white bread and riceIt also has a low purine content, which you can incorporate into your diet.

In addition to a proper diet, adequate fluid intake is important: drink Two to three liters of water daily as well as unsweetened herbal and fruit teas. The fluid thins the blood and promotes the excretion of uric acid.

What to eat if you have gout: You can eat these foods

We'll show you which foods you can safely enjoy to create a balanced and gout-friendly eating plan.

Bread, cereals and side dishes such as pasta, potatoes, rice


Recommended in moderation:

Not Recommended:

  • soymeal products,
  • Wheat germ
  • French fries, fried potatoes, potato pancakes
  • Prepared food, fast food
  • If you have diabetes and/or are overweight: white bread, toast, croissants, rusk, wheat rolls; Durum wheat pasta, husked rice

Snacks and nibbles


  • Vegetable sticks with yogurt dip or herb quark
  • fruit
  • Nuts (see below)

Not Recommended:

  • Sweets
  • Sweet and fatty baked goods
  • Sweet dairy products
  • snowball
  • Chives
  • Salty Biscuits



  • All kinds of fruits
  • If you are overweight, in moderation: pineapple, banana, pear, cantaloupe, persimmon, cherry, mango, grape

Not Recommended:

  • Sweet fruits and fruit puree
  • Candied dried fruits

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  • Almost all vegetables
  • Spinach, spinach with bitter ingredients, dandelion, kohlrabi, cucumber, carrot

Moderately recommended:

  • Legumes (beans, soybeans, lentils)
  • Lettuce
  • Asparagus
  • Salcify
  • Cabbage varieties
  • Mushrooms, dried mushrooms
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Not recommended:

  • Vegetable mixes with cream or butter
  • If overweight: Corn

Nuts and seeds


Recommended in moderation:

  • Pumpkin seeds
  • Sunflower seeds

Less recommended: Salted nuts

Fats and oils


  • Linseed oil (produced without oxygen, heat and light)
  • Olive oil, rapeseed oil, walnut oil
  • A little butter

Not Recommended:

  • Pork and duck fat, clarified butter
  • Mayonnaise
  • Sunflower oil, safflower oil



Recommended in moderation: Coffee or black tea

Not Recommended:

  • Fruit juice and honey
  • Soft drinks
  • Mixed milk drinks, soy drinks
  • Alcoholic, non-alcoholic beer

Fish and seafood

Recommended (always without skin):

  • man
  • Halibut
  • Herring
  • God
  • Carp fish
  • Salmon fish
  • (Smoked) Mackerel
  • Place
  • It comes around
  • Crayfish
  • Shrimp
  • to scratch
  • shellfish

Not Recommended:

  • Fish skin
  • Anchovies
  • Sardines
  • sprats
  • Sardines
  • measurement files

In the clip: How to properly prepare fish?

Sausage and meat


  • Skinless chicken
  • Turkey meat / cold cuts

Recommended in moderation:

  • Lean beef, veal or game meat
  • Corned beef

Not Recommended:

  • Offal (liver, sweetbreads, heart, kidneys)
  • High-fat meat (chicken leg with skin, roast pork, knee, duck, duck, etc.)
  • Sausages containing ham, bacon, high-fat sausage or offal (bratwurst, medwurst, salami, liverwurst, etc.)

Eggs, milk and milk products, cheese


Moderately Recommended:

  • display
  • Sour cream
  • Sour cream

Not Recommended:

Sweet finished products, etc

  • Pudding
  • payasam
  • Fruit yogurt
  • Fruit yogurt
  • Sahnekwark
  • Cocoa preparations
  • Fruit buttermilk

Gout Food: These foods increase uric acid

Certain foods affect uric acid levels and increase the risk of gout attacks. Here are some examples:

  • Fish skin
  • Offal (liver, sweetbreads, heart, kidneys)
  • Fatty meats such as knuckle, duck, duck
  • Pork, pork and duck fat, clarified butter, mayonnaise
  • High-fat sausages (eg bratwurst, medwurst, salami, liver sausage)
  • alcohol
  • Soft drinks and fruit juices with added fructose

Here are the perfect recipes for gout diet:

Why should fructose be restricted if you have arthritis?

studies Prove a link between arthritis and fructose. The Fructose inhibits uric acid excretion Contributes to the development of gout attacks. Fructose is found not only in fruits and juices, but also in a variety of convenience foods such as cookies, ice cream, pizza, and various sweetened beverages. It is better to observe the objects closely. Avoid fructose, glucose-fructose and corn syrup. In general, it is advised to significantly reduce the consumption of sugar, white flour products and processed foods.

Losing weight if you have arthritis: You should keep this in mind

Excess body weight is a risk factor for the development of the metabolic disease gout. If the body mass index is above 25, experts recommend losing weight. When losing weight, you should choose a slow method and not lose more than two to three kilograms per month. Note that Losing weight too quickly can trigger a gout attack. There are no specific diets for gout. If you want to lose weight, consult a medical professional who can create a personalized plan for you.

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More Tips for Gout Patients

Instead of focusing on a specific diet for gout, sufferers should Focus on a healthy diet And avoid certain foods. For overweight people, a soft and Conscious weight loss is advised. By Renunciation Foods rich in purines Can prevent gout attacks and reduce symptoms. carries extra Drinking enough Helps reduce the risk of gout attacks.

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