UN report on Iran: Amini's death by physical violence

After his arrest, Amini was taken to a detention center for “re-education classes”. However, after 26 minutes, he collapsed and was rushed to hospital 30 minutes later, according to the report. She died there three days after her arrest. Iran denied any responsibility for his death and denied that he was attacked.

After the surgery, officials pointed to a medical condition that Amini had since childhood. However, the UN report has now ruled out the cause of his death. There was evidence of trauma to Amini's body while in the custody of the moral police.

Months of struggle

Amini's death sparked a nationwide wave of protests in Iran. Among the most intense protests in the Islamic Republic, young people and women in particular have taken to the streets for months to demonstrate against Islamic rule and the mandatory headscarf. Initially it was about the cry of “Women, Life, Freedom”. Over time, open calls for rebellion against Iranian Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei increased.


40 days after Amini's death, thousands flocked to his hometown

During the protests in September 2022 and after, people were killed, disproportionate force was used, people were arbitrarily deprived of their freedom, and there was torture, rape and other sexual violence, according to the report released in Geneva. Considering the violent suppression of protests and discrimination against women and girls, the commission's experts speak of crimes against humanity.

More than 550 protesters were killed

The Human Rights Council set up an independent panel of experts in November 2022 to investigate the events in Iran surrounding Amini's death and the violence that followed. “Unnecessary and disproportionate lethal force” was used to quell the demonstrations. There was no immediate comment from Iran on the report.

Experts estimate that 551 demonstrators, including at least 49 women and 69 children, were killed by security forces. “The vast majority of deaths were caused by firearms, particularly assault rifles,” the commission said. These weapons were used in situations where there was “no immediate danger to life or limb”. This means “unlawful and extrajudicial killings” were carried out by the security forces.

Security forces on motorcycles during protests in Tehran in 2022


Security forces suppressed the protest

According to the investigation, more than 22,000 people – including hundreds of minors – were arrested in response to the protests. According to reports, the regime mobilized the entire security apparatus to contain the protests. Some security forces were injured, but the protests were largely peaceful.

Surveillance and control of women

The regime's repression continues to this day. In September last year, Iran's parliament passed even harsher penalties for those who violate dress codes. The law still needs to be approved by the Guardian Council.

According to a recent report by human rights organization Amnesty International, women face increased surveillance and restrictions enforcing the veil requirement. Authorities arbitrarily impounded the cars of tens of thousands of women for violating the strict dress code.

A large-scale campaign by authorities to enforce repressive veil laws. It's an attempt to crush the resistance of the resistance movement, says Dieter Garg, an Iran expert at Amnesty International: “They are constantly monitoring women and girls and terrorizing them.

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